My View On Online Radio

For the conservatives who fear that online radio is here to replace the traditional terrestrial radio, in light of radio veterans increasingly joining Gareth Cliff in the online radio sphere, I’ve decided to revisit my take on online radio from a few months back.

Radio is a unique mass communication medium. It is unique in more ways than one, but what really set’s it apart is the fact that it has that sense of a one on one conversational relationship between the listener and the host, that no other medium can match. It’s greatest strength is that it is an extension of the age old way of communication : oral storytelling. The fact that it has no visuals is one quality that has made it live without a direct, like-for-like alternative for decades.

But with the dominance of internet in the 21st century has forced us to think of new ways that will help radio appeal to the new generation, the “digital age”. This is where online radio comes in.

Online radio is already proving itself harder and harder to ignore. Modern technology, the internet to be exact, dictates that everything, especially in the media sphere, must go online. The internet has already took newspapers online, took television online and now radio is can join the party.

“The rise of the internet has put a lot of uncertainty on the traditional media players in all spheres, be it television, print and lately radio. With the world taking the digital route in the 21st century made people question the sustainability of the old communication medium that had carried us so successfully since their respective inception.”

One thing that online have over traditional media platforms is that it has a far wider reach. Using internet as it’s medium means it is guided by no geographical boundaries. With a suitable internet connection, an online radio station can reach any and every single part of the globe. For instance, a South African based online radio station can be heard by a person as far away as in South America or Australia. This is as important for the station as it is to a South African leaving abroad.

Using a South African online radio is the best yardstick to measure our readiness for online radio. The Cliffcentral.com is arguably the biggest South African online radio and it’s numbers are staggering. In a blog post on the site, Cliffcentral.com boss Gareth Cliff wrote “To date, CliffCentral has been heard in every single country bar three (Central African Republic, Borneo and Cuba), and just three months ago one of our listeners smuggled a downloaded podcast into North Korea on his iPhone, thereby taking us to places the Internet doesn’t even go,” this was on 22 June 2016. This just goes on to confirm the power and pull of online radio. That’s the reason why traditional radio’s are also taking the online route.

 

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The Evolution of Gender Roles : A Convo With Dr. Mkhize

There are not many instances of the way cultures and traditions have evolved to conform with the present times than the example of the evolution of gender roles in the society, more specifically the role of the woman.

Like most African cultures, the Zulu culture used to have limited but strict roles for woman.

According to Dr. Reginald mkhize, in the 1940’s the primary function of the woman was largely restricted to the kitchen and/or to bear and raise children, all else was secondary.

Mkhize also use the example of woman not being able to able to assume leadership roles to emphasise the extent to which the roles of woman were limited.

“When we were younger, a woman would never a play the role of a chief nor regent, or take any leadership role in the community. The closest they could get would be as uMkabayi to the chief, someone the leader would listen to if he so-wished. A woman would never be an outright leader.”

Whereas the roles that were expected from woman had limits and those limits were largely set by men, today’s women perform more roles in the society and no one can put a limit on what they can or can’t do.

This is highlighted by the case of Chief Nokukhanya Jumba, as reported  by the Time magazine. Chief Nokukhanya leads a tribe in a village called Tabase.  This was made possible by the passing of the Traditional Governance and Leadership Framework Act that States that atleast a 30% of all traditional councils must be headed by women is one factor that shows the change in gender roles
Khabazela refered to the power and influence that women are trusted with in the society these days to highlight the change in the roles they are expected to perform.

“Now you get to court and you are required to remove your hat.They say ‘all rise’ and as you’re standing up, as a sign of respect to the judge, a woman comes in. Having to show this much respect to women and seeing them as judges is all foreign to us. These are roles that women play in the society now, roles that were traditionally reserved for men.”

The DUT EFFSC Promise To Lead a Protest Against Delayed NSFAS Payments

The DUT EFFSC has warned that they will join the protest against the non-payments of meal grants to NSFAS students if they are not paid by the second term.

This follows the protest action at the University of Venda that has been on going since Monday for similar issues.
Olona Fihla, a member of the EFFSC, says the delays in meal grant payments are an attack to black people hence they support the University of Venda’s call for protest action.

“As the EFFSC, we commend what the University of Venda is doing because we are going through the same thing. The EFFSC is always ready to defend the dignity and economic issues of the black child. The delays in the payments of s-bux to students is another injustice to the black child because it constitutes another broken promise to us and if the issue persists after the Easter holidays then we will have to take to the streets,” he said.

“If we, as the EFFSC, don’t do anything about this it may continue till next year because our SRC is just an extension of the system that we’re fighting against.”
Sandile Manzini, a NSFAS recipient, says the impact of the payment delays does not only affect students.

“It’s hard because it’s not only affecting us but it’s also inconveniencing our families back at home too. The reason I came back this year was only because I was assured that NSFAS would cover the costs, now my family has to pay for something they did not plan to, not because they did not want to but because they can not afford,” he said.
The SRC, however, has cautioned against rushing to protests whenever there are issues at hand.

“We understand the students frustration, we are students ourselves but we should always guide against jumping to protests whenever we have issues. Protesting must always come when all other forms of engagements have been exhausted and failed,” said Sphesihle Ngcobo, a member of the DUT SRC.

“Hearing the EFFSC calling us names is nothing new to us and we’ve chosen not to entertain them anymore. We are more interested in spending our energy on dealing with student issues, not cheap populist politics.”

How Does T.V Use Hair As A Tool for Classification

One thing that is easy to notice on TV is that there’s an intricable connection between hair and financial standing; straight, artificial hair usually means wealth and affluence while natural hair, mainly black, is associated with unsophistication. Anyone remotely resembling upper financial class will have his/her hair reflecting it as does those of lower financial class.

We’ve all seen many instances of these in our televisions throughout the years and there’s little to suggest things might change anytime soon.

The following examples are studies from 2 of SAs most popular soapies; herein we analyse the role of hair and how much impact and influence it has on shaping a character for a certain role.

Connie Ferguson who played “Karabo Moroka” on Generations, her character is that of a successful, powerful woman. Throughout the years her character has exclusively worn weaves, it could be considered a separate incident if similar patterns weren’t prevalent throughout our television screens.

Linda Sokhulu who plays Nikiwe Sibeko on Isidingo, a role similar to Karabo; that of a successful matriarch. Nikiwe, almost exclusively without fail has worn a weave for the entire period of her character.

In contrast, Zukiswa, who came from the rural Eastern Cape as a maid and her hair was pivotal in accentuating her financial position. According to the character she plays, she improves from being a typical domestic worker to someone who has improved her standard of living her hair changed from having her natural (afro) African hair to having weaves on.

With all these three examples, hair, whether artificial or not, is central to the representation and structural image of black women on television. While this representation may not be absolute, the repeated patterns of the same narrative contribute into shaping public perception and ultimately classification through hair.

EFFSC Accuse The VC Of Failing To Implement The Tribunal Recommendation

The Office of the Durban University of Technology’s vice chancellor has not implemented the recommendations that were made on March 12 2017, according to EFFSC member, Olona Fihla.

The University’s tribunal committee recommended that the VC communicates the Executive Order to all DUT students.

The recommendations were made during a hearing of the case of EFFSC leader Philani Nduli who had been suspended for two weeks after the SRC president,Zama Ncube, reported him to have contravened the Executive Order.

The order prohibits non-SRC members from addressing students, as issued by the DUT VC on January 31 2017.

Nduli said he only found out about the Order after he was informed of his suspension. It was on that basis that the suspension of Nduli was uplifted, with the tribunal committee saying he “can not be held responsible for a rule that he was not made aware of within a reasonable timeframe.”

The Tribunal recommended that: “The office of the VC should utilise all means of communication to ensure that an important documentation of this nature is communicated to all DUT students e.g : email students, post a link on student portal and the DUT facebook site.”

The order, however, has not been emailed to all students, neither has it been posted on the student portal nor the DUT Facebook site. Instead the only two places you can find the order is at the office of the SRC and there is one half of it at the Berea residence notice board.

“We (EFFSC) believe that the University management is using underhand tactics to target EFF members,” concluded Fihla.

Things Are Looking Grim For Serero

There appears no way back to the AFC Ajax first team for South Africa’s darling of recent times, Thulani Serero. The PSL’s record export was neither registered for domestic and European duties nor given a squad number for the season in Amsterdam.

The new Ajax coach, Peter Bosz, made his intentions known early about Serero and any chance of a route back to the team would have to be a catastrophic start to the season. But that has been far from an occurance in the Amsterdam Arena this season. In fact things have been happening for the Amsterdam giants, without Serero’s participation and it doesn’t look great for ‘Cream’.

The team has won 14 of their opening 18 games in all competitions (excl. Champions league qualifiers), scored 43 and conceded 15 times. In their last 15 games they’ve won 13 of them, scoring 37 and conceding only 10 times in that sequence.

Furthermore, they are 2nd in the Eredivisie league table-3 points off Feyernoord-, through to the third round of the KNVB Cup and they are a win away from a guaranteed last 16 place in the Europa League.

It gets worse, his replacement is firing in all cylinders at the moment. Hakim Ziyech, who was Kamohelo Makotjo’s partner in crime last season, has scored 5 & assisted 7 in his first 11 games and looks indispensable to this team. With team captain, Davy Klaasen, in an even hotter form besides him and a lot of youngsters and experienced deputies like Laas Schone waiting on the wings, there is no silver lining in sight as far as Ajax are concerned for Serero.

Then there is the fact that his not getting any younger. In fact, his already one of the oldies by the Eredivisie standards. The league is one of the richest in the world when it comes to unearthing talenting and Ajax, in particular are one of the greatest ever in this regard. The one constant in the league throughout the years is that it is the hub for evolution. The old must always make way for the new, and Serero is already the old.

Serero is in the crossroads in his career right now and his future at the highest level is getting bleakier with each passing matchday. His best and only option to save his European career is to use Bafana Bafana as a springboard to attract offers elsewhere. I believe he can still excel in a mid table club or at a club just behind the Ajax level and rebuild his reputation from there or move to another league completely.

He has not become a bad player overnight and his experience at the highest level, think the Champions League, is still there. His next move has the potential to determine the rest of his career and possibly his legacy

Mamelodi Sundowns’ Dismal Second Half Is Further Proof That Our Season Format Needs Restructuring

Mamelodi Sundowns’ second half performance, and subsequent defeat at the hands of their Japanese counterparts, is further proof that the powers that be at the Premier Soccer League offices needs to change the football season to a calender year model like other African federations.

While most (if not all) African countries, and CAF itself, subscribes to the calendar-year season format, South Africa is following the European model which runs from August-May. This has, for years, caused confusion to every football-loving South African except those at the PSL headquarters.

The European model has no benefit whatsoever for us, instead it’s proved a hindrance for our game at both club and national team level : from having to take extended breaks for Afcon tournaments to our transfer period clashing with the registration period for CAF competitions and everything in between.

Sundowns’ visibly fatigued second half, especially in comparison to the first, was a latest plea to the Dr Ivan Khoza and his colleagues to change the season format. The Brazilians’ players have been playing non-stop for a full 12 months now, be it club or international football. During that time, they’ve had to travel thousands of kilometres between matches.

They played every match nedbank cup, the MTN8,the champions league from the qualifiers to the final. Add to that the telkom knockout and the league from January to May and from August and you get the sense of what they’ve had to battle with.

The on field physical demands of competing at the highest level are challenging enough ; having to deal with jetlags, travelling and playing in all four seasons of the year without a break and still compete at optimum level is asking too much.

The PSL’s insistence on modelling the South African football calendar on that of the Europe is again proving a hindrance for our football and until we structure our season in such a way that’s conducive to our football than we’ll keep on going so near yet so far.

Words Speaks Louder Than Action